Humans are a species of primate mammals scientifically known as Homo sapiens that have spread across the Earth for around 200,000 years or all the species that belong to the Genus Homo. Their success relies heavily on intelligence unlike other previous dominate species like the dinosaurs or the ancestors of mammals, the synapsids who relied mainly on their biological weaponry. While the intelligence of humans is an advantage over other animals, they are considerably weaker in physical strength compared to other species of similar size and weight. While success of humans has often had negative influence to the natural world, other intelligent creatures like the crow have benefited and are often seen near cities and other urban areas.
Homo sapiens are the only living species of humans on planet Earth but in the Arcane Realm, there are two subspecies of Homo sapiens: Amazoness and Pygmies. There are also two other species in the family besides modern “humans”, the Homins, Homo arboreous and the Lunarians, Homo selenic.
Humans have in various shades of brown to beige skin (some with yellow to red undertones). Human species naturally have hair that can be shades of black, brown, blonde, and reddish orange.
Although the human family appears hairless compared to other primates, (with notable hair growth occurring chiefly on the top of the head, underarms and pubic area), the average human has more hair follicles on his/her body than the average chimpanzee. The main distinction is that human hairs are shorter, finer, and less heavily pigmented than the average chimpanzee’s, thus making them harder to see.
Humans have a long period of development after birth since they are born with their brains not so well developed as other mammals. There is a good reason for this. If their brains were better developed they would be larger, and this would make birth more difficult. In birth, the baby’s head has to get through the ‘birth canal’, which is a passageway through the mother’s pelvis. A trade-off for these advantages of the modern human pelvis is that childbirth is more difficult and dangerous than in most mammals, especially given the larger head size of human babies compared to other primates. This means that human babies must turn around as they pass through the birth canal which other primates do not do, and it makes humans the only species where females require help from their con-specifics to reduce the risks of birthing. Also human women go through menopause and become infertile decades before the end of their lives.
Human species depend less on instinct than other animals throughout their lives, and more on learning.
Many animals use signs and sounds to communicate with each other but humans are the only ones that have a special system called language. It allows them to express ideas by using words. Humans are capable of making abstract ideas and communicating them to others. Human language can express things that are not present, or talk about events that are not happening at that time. The things might be elsewhere, and the events may also have occurred at another place or time. No known animals have a system of communication that is as elaborate as human language. By using words to communicate with each other, humans make complex communities with laws, traditions and customs. Humans like to understand the world around them. They try to explain things through myth, science and philosophy. Wanting to understand things has helped many humans make important discoveries.
Varieties of humans
On Qarin, humans are known as Lunarians.